16 September 2014

#WhyILoveChess

While wading through Twitter on yesterday's post, Kasparov's Campaign: Twitter & Facebook, I discovered a recent Kasparov contest:-

On September 1, Garry decided to celebrate his 5,000th tweet with a fun little contest to promote chess. He offered three signed books for three of the best tweets with the hashtag #WhyILoveChess. Little did he suspect it would become an international sensation, becoming a trending topic on Twitter in 20 cities in 11 countries over the coming days. • WhyILoveChess Takes Twitter by Storm! Signed Book Winners, Kasparov.com

For all entries, see Results for #whyilovechess on Twitter.com.

15 September 2014

Kasparov's Campaign: Twitter & Facebook

Continuing with Garry Kasparov's travels during his unsuccessful bid for the FIDE presidency, in the most recent post I looked at news from his Campaign Site. The last two resources listed in Kasparov TMER: Next Steps were Twitter (Teamkasparov) and Facebook (Kasparov2014).

I can't comment on the usefulness of these resources to Kasparov's campaign while it was in full swing, but I can comment on their usefulness to the historical record of the campaign. In a phrase: not particularly useful. Both resources are mainly for sharing links, photos, and an occasional video -- interspersed with (largely) repetitive campaign messages. All this serves as a vehicle for gathering (largely) light comments in the form of 'Retweets' and 'Likes'. New, original content is (largely) absent. For example, here are links to a relevant June event:-

Twitter:

  • Jun 19: Lawmakers' strategic moves at Congressional Chess Tournament: http://videoshare.politico.com/ …
  • Jun 18: Kasparov will join a bipartisan Congressional Chess Tournament with the Congressional Chess Caucus this morning! http://www.washingtontimes.com/ …

Facebook:

  • June 18: Congressional Chess Tournament [photos]

There are other relevant pages on both Twitter and Facebook -- like Kasparov's personal pages -- but I didn't spend much time on them while preparing today's post. Twitter limits the number of past tweets it displays (to around 500?), making it even less useful to the historical record. Following are a few more Facebook Kasparov2014 posts I noted:-

  • February 5: "My visit to Nigeria has yielded positive results in many ways."
  • May 1: Photo report of Garry Kasparov's campaign for FIDE presidency.
  • May 5: Already on the move again in Africa!
  • May 6: Garry handing over a cheque to Tan Dri Ramli Ngah Talib...

As for Twitter Teamkasparov tweets, I used the same technique already seen in Chessbase.com posts on Kasparov, and created an external page, Twitter.com tweets by Teamkasparov.

14 September 2014

Chessathons and SuperNationals

Ask and you shall receive? A few months ago, in The USCF in Numbers, I noted two spurts of chess growth in the U.S., one in the 1970s and one in the 1990s. The first was due to Fischer, but 'As for the growth in the 1990s and the subsequent decline, I have no ready explanation.'

Some time afterward, I learned that the 1990s saw The Start of the Scholastic Boom, and quoted an insider saying, '"I would like to think that stability at the top had something to do with the growth. Executive Director Al Lawrence's philosophy was simple: In order for the USCF to promote chess, you first have to promote the USCF."'

The current issue of Chess Life (CL) -- starting September 2014, p.20 -- has a ten page cover story by the same Al Lawrence, titled 'OUR DIAMOND ANNIVERSARY; Celebrating 75 years of the USCF through the covers of Chess Life'. It summarizes the USCF's history decade by decade. The page covering the 1990s is pictured above. It starts,

1989-1998 • At the peak: From 1992-1996, five annual U.S. Chessathons pitted the best players in the world a gainst school kids in a giant exhibition that made national and international news. The 1994 U.S. Chessathon alone captured 450,000 onsite spectators, since it was held in the main room of Grand Central Station. In 1996, the event moved atop the aircraft carrier Intrepid in New York City’s Harbor.

USCF celebrated its 50th year under President Harold Winston, a guiding partner to your reporter when I took over as executive director in 1988. Scholastic chess boomed. Corporate sponsorship climbed. Book and equipment income rocketed.

After giving credit to then CL editor Glenn Petersen, to staff in the USCF's HQ, to Max Dlugy ('USCF’s first grandmaster president'), to Garry Kasparov, to the 1990 Olympiad silver medal winners, and to Gata Kamsky ('the youngest U.S. champion since Fischer'), the page finished,

All this teamwork outside and inside the office over two decades brought USCF dividends. In 10 years, membership went up by 34,000 members to more than 85,000, smashing the Bobby Fischer record of 59,000. I had worked for USCF for 15 years.

Decision making leads to conflict. When Don Schultz became president in 1996, I left, but not before USCF approved the first scholastic "SuperNational," a mega-event that now regularly draws at least 5,000 K-12 players to Nashville, Tennessee.

Chessathons and SuperNationals? Decision making and conflict? Receive and you shall ask for more.

12 September 2014

Better than Chess on TV

What could be better than chess on TV? The sort of coverage shown in the following live stream...


Sinquefield Cup 2014 - Round 1 (4:08:54) • 'Streamed live on Aug 27, 2014'

...To skip the starting countdown, jump to 14:40 in the clip. Other rounds from the event are available on the same Youtube channel: Chess Club and Scholastic Center of Saint Louis.

11 September 2014

Fischer in the Army?

Getting back to Borrowing a Chess Book, while I had Truzzi's 'Chess in Literature' on loan, I noted a curious Fischer story. The book's Introduction starts,

In 1959, while in basic training in the United States Army at Fort Jackson in South Carolina, I and another draftee were killing time in our barracks between harassments when he -- I now recall only that his last name was Schultz -- asked me if I played chess. I replied that I did, but that my game was quite poor. He told me that he had a high rating, but that playing with me would pass the time. I agreed so we played, Private Schultz devoting his more serious efforts to simultaneously writing a letter to a relative back home. [...]

About a week later, Private Schultz and I were visiting the U.S.O center. To our mutual surprise, the recently drafted chess prodigy -- and now [1974] World Champion -- Robert J. (Bobby) Fischer came in. Schultz seized the opportunity to ask Fischer for the honor of a game (rumor had it that Fischer's time in basic training was largely spent playing chess with officers at the post, so we were very surprised to see him). Fischer kindly agreed to the match while I looked on. To my amazement, Fischer proceeded to write a letter while playing Schultz in much the same manner that Schultz had done with me. And Schultz was no more offended than I had been.

Nice story, but as far as I could remember Fischer never did military service. Not being an expert on him, I turned to someone who is -- from Frank Brady's 'Profile of a Prodigy' (Dover, 1973), chapter IX, p.79:-

The question of Fischer’s potential military service was an acute one, since as a “1-A” candidate, he was scheduled to undergo his physical examination at the U.S. Army Recruiting Station on Whitehall Street in New York, and at that particular time it was believed that he might play in the Interzonal at Amsterdam [1964]. I had a few talks with Fischer on life in the military and related some of my brief experiences. Fischer is as patriotic as anyone I know but at that stage, two years in the army was the last thing he wanted.

Harold M. Phillips, past president of the U.S. Chess Federation, had been a member of a local draft board for years and I called him to see if he could suggest a way that Bobby could qualify for a temporary deferment until after the Interzonal was completed. He suggested that I contact General George B. Hershey, head of the Selective Service Bureau, and, to my surprise, Hershey was quite cooperative, though not particularly hopeful.

“A temporary deferment, on almost any grounds, is usually an easy matter to secure from a local board,” Hershey told me “but eventually Fischer will probably be drafted.” He suggested I send an appeal to Fischer’s local board and then wait until they contacted him.

There was one other way a deferment could be secured: if Bobby entered college. Alfred Landa, then Assistant to the President of the New School for Social Research assured me that Fischer would not only be allowed to matriculate into the college but he would be given a scholarship. When I relayed this to Bobby, he thought long and hard. His experience with schools was still distasteful. He negated the idea.

Eventually, Bobby took his physical examination and was rejected for reasons that have never been made public. Perhaps the local board decided that this young American would be much more valuable sitting across a chess board in the capitals of the world than he would be toting a bazooka through a Vietnamese jungle. Whatever the reason, Fischer never served in the military.

I didn't have to type that excerpt, because I found it in a Chesstalk.info forum thread titled Bobby Fischer’s 1964 Simul at Hart House, where there is an alternative reason for Fischer not being called into military service. Whatever the reason, how could Truzzi have met Fischer 'in the United States Army at Fort Jackson in South Carolina'? In 1959, Fischer would have been only 16 years old.

09 September 2014

September 1964 'On the Cover'

Both of this month's 'On the Cover' subjects were introduced in covers from preceding months.


Left: 'U.S. Open Champion'
Right: 'U.S. Student Team Fourth'

Chess Life

Pal Benko, International Grandmaster from New York City, finished a full point ahead of the field in the 65th Annual United States Open Championship, played at the Sheraton-Plaza Hotel in Boston on August 16-29.

The announcement for the 1964 U.S. Open featured in Chess Life's July 1964 'On the Cover'.

Chess Review

The Soviet Union carried off the World Title in the Student Team Championship, held in Crakow, Poland. The team composed of B.Pele, G.Chodos, W.Sawon, E.Mnacakanian, G.Anoczin, and A.Kapengut scored 31 1/2 points out of a possible 44 in the finals. Czechoslavakia scored 29 1/2, Hungary 29, and the United States 28.

The U.S team was introduced in Chess Review's August 1964 'On the Cover'. The Soviet team includes a couple of names that I don't recognize, especially their first board, who is mentioned again beating the USA's first board Lombardy. Olimpbase (see August 1964 'On the Cover' for the link) says,

First place, and hence the proud title of World Master, was deservedly gained by the team of the Soviet Union. Several changes had been made in the team since last year. Anoshin and Kapengut were newcomers. At the first chessboard Pelc was comparatively weak, but the excellent achievements of Chodos and Mnacakanjan — who, by scoring 10 points in 11 games, obtained the best individual result of the entire championship - as well as those of Anoshin and Savon were sufficient for the team as a whole to gain the highest title of World Master.

'Pelc' is no more familiar than 'Pele'. The Statistics section of the Olimpbase coverage lists 'Pelts, Roman', a name that I finally recognize.

08 September 2014

Kasparov's Campaign Site

Continuing with Kasparov TMER (Tournament, Match, and Exhibition Record), first we had Transition from 1970s to 2010s, jumping into the recent FIDE presidential election. This was followed by Kasparov's Campaign on Video. Now let's add reports from Kasparov2014.com, Home > Campaign trail > News:-

The coverage of the African visits is more complete than the two preceding posts.